We all heard about Atlantis, the legendary island that went underwater in one day. Who first learned about this? Was there really Atlantis? What else do we not know about it? The history of Atlantis came to us in a retelling of the Greek philosopher Plato. Or rather, from his two works, Timaeus and Critias. It is believed that these books were written in 360 BC. E.
In them, Plato wrote that the Greek sage Solon became aware of this story when he served as a priest in Egypt. Upon his return, Solon told her his relative, Dropidus. Then Dropped gave it to his son Critia, who told her grandson, also Criteria, the latter shared it with Socrates and his associates.
This list should not be taken as a historical or scientific fact, but as a true retelling of Plato. Whether we believe in the legend is the personal choice of everyone. Science does not yet provide accurate data on Atlantis, but lost cities have been and will be found. Once it can become a legendary island.
We know the place
Many books and documentaries were created on the topic of the possible location of Atlantis. A quick search on Google will show that some point to Santorini as Atlantis in the past; Others believe that the waters of Bimini are hiding the road to the lost city. If we take as the basis the text of Plato, he will tell us where the once submerged city was located.
The text says that Atlantis “left the Atlantic Ocean”. Further it is said that “there was an island in front of the Pillars of Hercules”. Today, these pillars should be located on the site of the Strait of Gibraltar, where a narrow strip of sea separates Spain and Africa. Although this is certainly not a GPS coordinate, the island’s location is narrowing.
In 2011, Archaeologist of Hartford University Richard Freund and his team discovered “memorial cities”, or cities built in the image of Atlantis. A number of cities were found buried in the bolts of the Donana National Park, north of Cadiz, Spain.
It turned out that Cadiz is right in front of the pillars. This made Freund think that the real Atlantis was buried in the mud marshes of the Atlantic. Its results coincide with the text of the plot that “the sea in these parts is impassable and impenetrable, because there is a fine dirt on the way; And it happened because of the settling of the island. ”
Cadiz is also considered one of the oldest cities that are still in Western Europe. It is believed that it was built by the Phoenicians around 700 BC. E., but some records claim that the city was already in 1100 BC. E. Greek myths say that this city is even larger.
Why is this important? Because a long time ago this city was called Hades. This is appropriate, because the text refers to the prince-atlant, who was called Gadeir prehistoric citizens of Hades. He belonged to the Far Eastern part of Atlantis.
This part of the island was supposed to look at modern Cadiz. Therefore, the story goes that Cadiz, or Hades, was named after the prince. Of course, Plato wrote all this at least 340 years after the discovery of the city, so he could allow himself the freedom in naming the Atlantic princes.
Atlantis bears the name of the demigod
Most people believe that Atlantis got its name in honor of the Atlantic Ocean, but in fact everything was exactly the opposite. Legend has it that Poseidon, the Greek god of the seas, had five twins from a mortal Atlanta woman named Clito.
God gave each of his 10 sons different parts of the island, which needed to be ruled. Gadeir was second in seniority. And although his city was named after him in Spain, it was his elder brother Atlas who had the honor to call the city by his name. As the first-born, Atlas acquired an entire island, and even the surrounding ocean was named after him. His children also had to rule Atlantis forever.
Half of the history is missing
We know that Plato wrote at least two books about Atlantis. Today we have a full version of Timaeus, but there is no full version of Critia.
“Critias” breaks off on the fact that Zeus, the head of the Greek gods, “collected all the gods in their most holy place, which, being placed in the center of the world, contemplates all created things. And when he put them together, he said the following. ” That’s all.
It is not known whether Plato left the book unfinished intentionally or whether the finished version was long lost. We not only lack the end of Critia, but also believe that Plato wrote or at least planned to write a third book on Atlantis – “Hermocrates.”
There are several facts in support of this theory. The line in “Critia” reads: “Critias, we will grant your request and we will give Hermocrate the same as you need to Timaeus.” Consequently, the third part of history should be devoted to Hermocrates.
In addition, the names of the three books may contain a hidden message, especially if one looks at the order in which Plato wrote or was supposed to write them. Timaeus comes from the Greek “thio”, which means “honor”. Critias come from the Greek “krima,” which means “judgment.” Hermocrates comes from the Hermes, the messenger of the Greek gods. Timaeus reveres prehistoric Athens for their heroism. Critias, presumably, ends with the trial of Zeus over Atlantis. But what message could Hermankr give?
The answer may be that we know about the Hermocrates itself. He was a real military leader who helped lead the successful defense of Syracuse against Athens during the Peloponnesian War. It looks like the history of Atlantis. In this story, the Athenian state from prehistoric times reflects the attack of the superior forces of Atlantis.
Perhaps the message of Hermocrates concerned why the attack of Athens on Syracuse failed and how Syracuse managed to fight back from the conquest. If only someone does not find a copy of this book, we may never know the full history of Atlantis.
Atlantis should have been at least 11,500 years old
Solon was considered the most wise of all Greek sages. The texts say that the story of Atlantis was retold to Solon in Egypt, when he wanted to “pull” out of the priests the most ancient of their tales.
To do this, Solon decided to tell the priests about the most ancient Greek stories that he could remember. He spoke to them about the great flood and the first man. After hearing Solon, one priest answered: “Oh, Solon, Solon … There are no old people among you … Consciousness, you are all young; There is not among you an old opinion, transferred by tradition. ”
Then the priest told that Athens, Solon’s hometown, was much older than he had thought. In the Egyptians’ records in Sise (where they were) it was said that Syss was founded 8,000 years before. And it was also written that Athens was founded 1,000 years before Cise and that the Athenians of that time were at war with the Atlanteans.
Solon lived from about 630 BC. E. Before 560 BC. E. If this story is true, the fall of Atlantis happened around 9500 BC. E. So, Atlantis should be the age of Gobekli Tepe, who appeared for 10,000 years BC. E. And is considered the world’s oldest temple.
History begins to be found. But while everything is in a fog.
The story is true … according to Plato
We said that this list can not be considered a historical summary. In the text, however, Critias maintains that his story is true. “Listen to the story, which, albeit strange, is certainly true and confirmed by Solon.” It is very important for Plato to distinguish fact from history. Plato frankly says that some myths are symbolic in nature. However, in his book he claims that Atlantis was real, not mythical. If Atlantis was Plato’s fantasy, why would he say that the history of Atlantis is correct, but not to say that the Greek myth was created to represent something else?
Atlantis was an empire
Most of us probably represent a lush green island surrounded by deep blue ocean waters when thinking of Atlantis. Although the story takes place on the island, most of us probably assume that this island was Atlantis and was limited. But Plato tells us that Atlantis was an empire that was ruled from this island.
“This island of Atlantis had a great and beautiful empire that dominated the whole island and several others, as well as parts of the continent, and, in addition, the people of Atlantis conquered Libya to the pillars of the pillars, to Egypt, and Europe To Tirrenia. “
Tirrenia is another name for Etruria, now known as central Italy. This means that Atlantis would extend to modern Tuscany in Europe and to Egypt in Africa. Would we like to know how the Athenians defeated such a large empire? Maybe Plato did not know, so he decided not to finish the ending.
Ancient Mediterranean could know about the Americas
Although it may well be that Plato created Atlantis for the sake of philosophy, there is one part of this story that it would be difficult to fabricate. In history, the Egyptian priest tells Solon: “This island opened the way to other islands, and from them you could go to the opposite continent that surrounded the real ocean. The surrounding land can be called a truly endless continent. ”
What kind of continent was on the other side of the Atlantic, so large that it seemed as if it encircled an entire ocean? Can this mean that the ancient Greeks and, perhaps, the ancient Egyptians knew about the Americas and even happened there?
In 1970, the famous seafarer Tour Heyerdahl sailed with a crew of six in a reed ship called Ra II. They sailed from Safi to Morocco, across the Atlantic, to Barbados in 57 days.
This journey proved that reed boats can survive in ocean travel and that ancient people could actually cross the Atlantic Ocean into them. This feat was once considered impossible.
But this does not prove that the Egyptians or the Greeks made their way to America. Heyerdahl proved only that it is possible.
In ancient Athens, women were allowed to serve
The question of women in the armed forces is often raised in developed countries. Should we allow women to serve in combat formations? Should women sign a contract for service?
2500 years ago, after learning about our issues, the Greeks would laugh. Actually, the disciple of Plato Aristotle once said: “Silence is the glory of a woman.”
And what would the Spartans do, try to join a woman in their ranks? They would not like it. This is Sparta-ah-ah!
But in Athens 9500 BC. E. Everything was different. According to Plato, “military service was common for men and women; Men and women, in full armor and under the auspices of the goddess Athena, could practice the same practices of martial arts, without any gender differences. ”
Perhaps Plato simply dreamed of an ideal state, or maybe not. Perhaps the Athenians 9500 BC. E. Did everything possible to deter the enemy.
Plato wanted to keep people from the ocean
If the Greeks really knew what lay beyond the Mediterranean, would they want other people to know? Maybe not. Perhaps, therefore, Plato wrote that no one can sail to the Atlantic Ocean.
“But then there were strong earthquakes and floods; And in one day and one night of misfortune all men able to fight have gone underground, and the island of Atlantis has just as gone into the abyss of the sea. ” According to Plato, as a result of this appeared impassable dirt deposits in the Strait of Gibraltar.
This could stop the curious from crossing the strait. Plato insisted that in the Atlantic during his lifetime you can not swim, “for in those days the Atlantic was navigable.”
Did Plato try to keep people from going to the Atlantic? Did he really think that shallow mud blocks ocean travel? Or was the Atlantic too dirty for boats to pass in those times? If the boats were too shallow, why not just walk?
Mankind has been and will be destroyed many times
An Egyptian priest told Solon that none of his stories were “truly ancient” compared to his own. According to the priest, the reason that Solon lacked “truly ancient” knowledge is that humanity was destroyed again and again.
“There have been and again will be the destruction of mankind for various reasons; The greatest of them brought manifestations of fire and water, smaller ones – countless other causes. ”
Then the priest explained: “When the gods purify the Earth with a stream of water, only the shepherds living in the mountains remain alive.”
If the only people who survive after the cataclysms are mountain dwellers who do not know their distant past, it’s easy to see how the whole history of civilization is lost in the course of time. The priest believed that Egypt experienced these cataclysms, while others do not, because in Egypt there was almost no rain. Instead, there were annual floods due to the flood of the Nile, which were raised enough to feed the harvest, but not to destroy their world. Somewhere too wet, somewhere too dry. And in Egypt everything is as expected (but in fact there is very, very dry).